Miscellaneous symbols

Some symbols for math

The following symbols are also used only in math mode
• \aleph Hebrew aleph
• \hbar h-bar, Planck's constant
• \imath variation on "i"; no dot
• See also \i
• \jmath variation on "j"; no dot
• See also \j
• \ell script (loop) "l"
• \wp fancy script lowercase "P"
• \Re script capital "R" ("Real")
• \Im script capital "I" ("Imaginary")
• \prime prime (also obtained by typing ')
• \nabla inverted capital Delta
• \surd radical (square root) symbol
• \angle angle symbol
• \forall "for all" (inverted A)
• \exists "exists" (left-facing E)
• \backslash backslash
• \partial partial derivative symbol
• \infty infinity symbol
• \triangle open triangle symbol
• \Box open square
• \Diamond open diamond

• \flat music: flat symbol
• \natural music: natural symbol
• \sharp music: sharp symbol

• \clubsuit playing cards: club suit symbol
• \diamondsuit playing cards: diamond suit symbol
• \heartsuit playing cards: heart suit symbol
• \spadesuit playing cards: space suit symbol

Some other symbols

The following symbols can be used in any mode.
• \dag dagger
• \ddag double dagger
• \S section symbol
• \P paragraph symbol
• \copyright copyright symbol
• \pounds British pound sterling symbol

Calligraphic style letters

Twenty-six calligraphic letters are provided (the upper case alphabet). These can only be used in math mode.

In LaTeX 2.09 they are produced with the \cal declaration

  ${\cal A}$

In LaTeX2e they are obtained with the \mathcal command:
  $\mathcal{CAL}$


Related topics:
Back to the LaTeX Table of Contents
Sheldon Green, agxsg@giss.nasa.gov, 17 May 1995.